《聖經中各種審判》3 — 洪水的審判

末日前,歷史上最大的審判—洪水

今天我們要提出歷史上曾有過的最大審判,就是洪水的審判,這是前所未有直到世界末日來臨前最大的審判,這是全地第一次的大審判,表示上帝恨惡罪惡,因為全世界的人終日所想的盡都是惡,上帝的怒氣達到頂峰,這是很可怕的事情。對全地施行審判,這是上帝最大的權威,也是只有上帝能做的工作。創造、救贖、啟示、成全、審判五大工作,只有上帝能做,除了上帝,沒有受造之物有權施行。當上帝的審判臨到全地,沒有人可免去這個審判,這是全能者彰顯權威的時候。創世記第六章記載上帝第一次對全地的大審判,因為上帝的憤怒已經達到忍無可忍的地步,以至於祂不再寬恕。上帝說:「我看地上的人罪大惡極,終日所想的盡都是惡。」上帝從天上降下審判消滅盡乎全地的人,這審判大到一個地步,直到世界末日來臨以前不再有這樣的審判。洪水之後,上帝說祂不再用洪水消滅凡有血氣的,直到最後的審判臨到。洪水的審判是獨有的,表示上帝是憤怒的,憑著祂的公義刑罰世上的罪惡。

創 6:1-6 當人在世上多起來、又生女兒的時候,神的兒子們看見人的女子美貌,就隨意挑選,娶來為妻。耶和華說:「人既屬乎血氣,我的靈就不永遠住在他裡面;然而他的日子還可到一百二十年。」那時候有偉人在地上,後來 神的兒子們和人的女子們交合生子;那就是上古英武有名的人。耶和華見人在地上罪惡很大,終日所思想的盡都是惡,耶和華就後悔造人在地上,心中憂傷。

引發上帝憤怒至極的原因

為什麼人的婚姻會引起上帝這麼大的怒氣?上帝發這麼大的怒氣,說明這罪惡的嚴重程度,可能遠遠超過我們的想像。這一段的經文有二種解釋,雖然我們不一定要接受舊約拉比所採取的解釋,因為第二世紀以後,使徒不再採用這個解釋,但這種解釋法有神學上的意義。創世記第六章記載當神的兒子與人的女子結婚,為什麼會使上帝憤怒到這個地步?為什麼上帝要用這麼大的審判把全人類滅絕?這裡面隱藏的奧祕大的不得了。舊約尚未結束、新約尚未來臨之前,有的解經家認為神的兒子代表那些敬虔的人,人的女子代表那些普通的人,換句話說,有些敬虔人的後代選漂亮的女子為妻,不敬畏上帝,在婚姻的事情上用人的自由代替上帝的旨意。這是一件很壞的事,因為在婚姻上隨便,就產生不好的後代,用自己的自由代替聖靈的引導。每一個基督徒都應該在婚姻的事情上存著敬畏上帝的心,不隨意娶妻,以免產生不敬虔的後代。

Dealing with Criticism

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is 2 Corinthians 11:1-15.  Let’s go!

2 Corinthians 11:1-15 (NIV)
1  I hope you will put up with a little of my foolishness; but you are already doing that.
2  I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy. I promised you to one husband, to Christ, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to him.
3  But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ.
4  For if someone comes to you and preaches a Jesus other than the Jesus we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it easily enough.
5  But I do not think I am in the least inferior to those “super-apostles.”
6  I may not be a trained speaker, but I do have knowledge. We have made this perfectly clear to you in every way.
7  Was it a sin for me to lower myself in order to elevate you by preaching the gospel of God to you free of charge?
8  I robbed other churches by receiving support from them so as to serve you. ……

On verses 1-15:  Here in 2 Corinthians 11:1-15 we see Paul using some strong language to respond to several different attacks and criticisms people were making of him, such as:
– “you’re not a trained speaker, Paul” (v6)
– “you talk a lot of foolishness, Paul” (v1)
– “you can’t be a legit minister because you serve us for free as a volunteer, Paul” (v7-8)
– “your gospel is not as cool sounding as the gospel that the “super apostles” talk about, Paul” (v4)