詩篇卅篇

詩篇卅篇

大衛在獻殿的時候,作這詩歌。A song for the dedication of the House

1 耶和華啊,我要尊崇祢,因為祢曾提拔我,不叫仇敵向我誇耀。
2 耶和華我的神啊,我曾呼求祢,祢醫治了我。
3 耶和華啊,祢曾把我的靈魂從陰間救上來,使我存活,不至於下坑。
4 耶和華的聖民哪,你們要歌頌他,稱讚祂可記念的聖名。
5 因為祂的怒氣不過是轉眼之間,祂的恩典乃是一生之久,一宿雖然有哭泣,早晨便必歡呼。
6 至於我,我凡事平順,便說:「我永不動搖。」
7 耶和華啊,祢曾施恩,叫我的江山穩固;祢掩了面,我就驚惶。
8 耶和華啊,我曾求告祢,我向耶和華懇求說:
9 「我被害流血,下到坑中,有什麼益處呢?塵土豈能稱讚祢,傳說祢的誠實嗎?
10 耶和華啊,求祢應允我,憐恤我!耶和華啊,求祢幫助我!」
11 祢已將我的哀哭變為跳舞,將我的麻衣脫去,給我披上喜樂,
12 好叫我的靈歌頌祢,並不住聲。耶和華我的神啊,我要稱謝祢,直到永遠!

這篇詩篇是大衛為了獻殿或獻王宮而做呢?中文是譯為獻殿,但是在英文裡是A song for the dedication of the House. 有拉比指出,神沒有允許大衛為祂建殿,所以大衛這詩是為了 “house of cedar” ,也就是他用香柏木為自己所造的王宮而感謝神。

猶太人每天要做三次的禱告,分別稱為Shacharit, Mincha and Maariv。Shacharit是指晨禱,Mincha是下午的禱告,Maariv是晚上獻祭前的禱告。而在每天的晨禱或稱為早晨的敬拜之前,會讀經文或詩篇,在十七世紀之前,大衛寫的這詩篇便是晨禱之前每天必讀的詩篇。在慶祝Hanukkah(光明節)的當天,猶太人也要朗讀此詩篇。

The God Who Sees All of Me

Hi GAMErs,

Have you signed up for the God And Me Experience Fast that’s starting tomorrow?  Sign up today by clicking here! 

Today’s passage is 2 Chronicles 13:1-22.  Let’s go!

2 Chronicles 13:18 (NIV) 
18  The men of Israel were subdued on that occasion, and the men of Judah were victorious because they relied on the LORD, the God of their fathers.

On verses 1-22:  King Abijah takes over from his father Rehoboam as king of Judah and goes to war against King Jeroboam of Israel.  Despite being grossly outnumbered (compare Abijah’s 400,000 soldiers to Jeroboam’s 800,000 troops) and despite Jeroboam’s attempt to ambush Abijah’s army, Abijah’s army gains a decisive victory over Jeroboam’s army.  The reason the Chronicler gives for Abijah’s victory is because he and his troops “relied on the Lord, the God of their fathers” (v18).

Here the Chronicler focuses on how Abijah relied on the Lord.  He even includes a speech from Abijah about how faithful he and his people of Judah are compared to Jeroboam and Israel.  In contrast, when 1 Kings 15 gives its account of Abijah’s reign as king of Judah, its treatment of Abijah is negative. The writer of 1 Kings says that Abijah “committed all the sins his father had done before him”, that “his heart was not fully devoted to the LORD his God”, and that it was for the sake of his father David that God allowed Abijah to have any strength at all (1 Kings 15:4).

詩篇第廿九篇

大衛的詩。

1 神的眾子啊,你們要將榮耀、能力歸給耶和華,歸給耶和華!
2 要將耶和華的名所當得的榮耀歸給祂,以聖潔的裝飾敬拜耶和華!
3 耶和華的聲音發在水上,榮耀的神打雷,耶和華打雷在大水之上。
4 耶和華的聲音大有能力,耶和華的聲音滿有威嚴。
5 耶和華的聲音震破香柏樹,耶和華震碎黎巴嫩的香柏樹。
6 祂也使之跳躍如牛犢,使黎巴嫩和西連跳躍如野牛犢。
7 耶和華的聲音使火焰分岔。
8 耶和華的聲音震動曠野,耶和華震動加低斯的曠野。
9 耶和華的聲音驚動母鹿落胎,樹木也脫落淨光。凡在他殿中的,都稱說祂的榮耀。
10 洪水氾濫之時,耶和華坐著為王;耶和華坐著為王,直到永遠。
11 耶和華必賜力量給祂的百姓,耶和華必賜平安的福給祂的百姓。

「神的眾子」從希伯來文譯為英文是「O divine beings」,直譯是「神聖的生命」,也是指所有從神來的生命,都是神的「眾子」,廣譯的可以說是指世界上所有的人;狹義地說,便是神的選民和神的兒女們,應當把榮耀都歸給神。

第三節說到「耶和華的聲音發在水上,榮耀的神打雷,耶和華打雷在大水之上」,兩次都提到水。有位猶太拉比Glazerson說:「水」這字在英文是「water」,在希伯來文是mayim (מים), mayim包含了兩個字mem (מ),和 yud (י),正如英文寫的水的號 H2O,代表兩個氫原子圍繞著一個氧原子;在希伯來文裡也正是這個意思,兩個mem (מ)代表兩個氫原子,一個yud (י)代表氧原子。

Stay Desperate and Hungry for God

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is 2 Chronicles 12:1-16.  Let’s go!

 2 Chronicles 12:1-4 (NIV) 
1  After Rehoboam’s position as king was established and he had become strong, he and all Israel with him abandoned the law of the LORD. 
2  Because they had been unfaithful to the LORD, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem in the fifth year of King Rehoboam. 
3  With twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen and the innumerable troops of Libyans, Sukkites and Cushites that came with him from Egypt, 
4  he captured the fortified cities of Judah and came as far as Jerusalem.

On verses 1-4:  As soon as things got comfortable for Rehoboam, that’s when Rehoboam’s focus shifts away from the Lord.  Like a gazelle sitting comfortably by a brook only to be attacked by a lion, distracted and comfortable Rehoboam, along with all of Judah, falls prey to an attack by Shishak king of Egypt along with Libyans, Sukkites and Cushites.   Shishak captures the very cities whose defenses Rehoboam had built up years before. 

詩篇第廿八 篇

大衛的詩。

1 耶和華啊,我要求告祢!我的磐石啊,不要向我緘默!倘若祢向我閉口,我就如將死的人一樣。
2 我呼求祢,向祢至聖所舉手的時候,求祢垂聽我懇求的聲音。
3 不要把我和惡人並作孽的一同除掉,他們與鄰舍說和平話,心裡卻是奸惡。
4 願祢按著他們所做的,並他們所行的惡事待祂們。願祢照著他們手所做的待他們,將他們所應得的報應加給他們。
5 他們既然不留心耶和華所行的和祂手所做的,祂就必毀壞他們,不建立他們。

6 耶和華是應當稱頌的!因為祂聽了我懇求的聲音。

7 耶和華是我的力量,是我的盾牌,我心裡倚靠祂,就得幫助。所以我心中歡樂,我必用詩歌頌讚祂。
8 耶和華是祂百姓的力量,又是祂受膏者得救的保障。
9 求祢拯救祢的百姓,賜福給祢的產業,牧養他們,扶持他們,直到永遠。

有的人一生很平穩,有的人一生坎坷,好像大衛一樣。平穩的生活固然好,但是坎坷的路往往可以迸出更多生命的果實。就像大衛一樣,從小就被派去牧羊,碰到猛獸來襲,要靠自己去抵擋,那是何等地不容易。但也因為他從小倚靠神,他可以淬練出對神的信心,因而面對巨人哥利亞時毫不害怕。

在大衛請戰歌利亞時,他對掃羅王說:「你僕人為父親放羊,有時來了獅子,有時來了熊,從群中銜一隻羊羔去,我就追趕牠,擊打牠,將羊羔從牠口中救出來。牠起來要害我,我就揪著牠的鬍子,將牠打死。 」因此,「耶和華救我脫離獅子和熊的爪,也必救我脫離這非利士人(歌利亞)的手。」獅子和熊與巨人歌利亞相比,哪個更危險?更可怕?但是大衛因為信靠神與他同在,因此不管面對多強大的對手,他總相信能靠著神得勝。這是一種我們渴望的信心,不是嗎?

Protect What God Has Placed In Your Care

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is 2 Chronicles 11:1-23.  Let’s go!

2 Chronicles 11:4 (NIV) 
4  ‘This is what the LORD says: Do not go up to fight against your brothers. Go home, every one of you, for this is my doing.'” So they obeyed the words of the LORD and turned back from marching against Jeroboam.

On verses 1-4:  King Rehoboam had a very spotty reign as king of Israel.  He is best known for failing to heed his elders’ advice at the beginning of his reign and as a result losing the entire kingdom of Israel (except for the lands of Judah and Benjamin) to Jeroboam.  But in verses 1 to 23, we see some good things that Rehoboam did as king. Let’s take a look starting with verses 1-4.   Here Rehoboam is about to go to war against Israel to regain the kingdom that he lost.  But the Lord speaks through the prophet Shemaiah, warning Rehoboam against going to war and encouraging Rehoboam to surrender his plans to God.  Rehoboam and his troops obey the Lord’s words, and thus save themselves from unnecessary losses and embarrassment. 

What can we learn from this?  Before waging war against someone, or making an important decision, seek the Lord’s advice and heed His warnings.  You are always better off following the Lord’s advice on any matter.

2 Things Great Leaders Do

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is 2 Chronicles 10:1-19.  Let’s go!

2 Chronicles 10:1-5 (NIV) 
1  Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all the Israelites had gone there to make him king. 
2  When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard this (he was in Egypt, where he had fled from King Solomon), he returned from Egypt. 
3  So they sent for Jeroboam, and he and all Israel went to Rehoboam and said to him: 
4  “Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you.” 
5  Rehoboam answered, “Come back to me in three days.” So the people went away.

On verses 1-5:  Solomon’s son Rehoboam succeeds Solomon as king of Israel.  Jeroboam son of Nebat leads a nation-wide campaign to ask Rehoboma for less stringent labor requirements on Israelite workers.   Rehoboam’s initial response is to ask for time to consider what to do: “Come back to me in three days”.  This was a wise first move by Rehoboam.  What can we learn from this?  As leaders, when people pressure you to make a leadership decision and you have no clear sense as to what to do, don’t succumb to the pressure and give a quick, rushed decision that you haven’t thought through.  Give yourself time to think before you decide.

詩篇第廿七 篇

大衛的詩。

1 耶和華是我的亮光,是我的拯救,我還怕誰呢?耶和華是我性命的保障,我還懼誰呢?
2 那作惡的,就是我的仇敵,前來吃我肉的時候,就絆跌仆倒。
3 雖有軍兵安營攻擊我,我的心也不害怕;雖然興起刀兵攻擊我,我必仍舊安穩。
4 有一件事,我曾求耶和華,我仍要尋求,就是一生一世住在耶和華的殿中,瞻仰祢的榮美,在祢的殿裡求問。
5 因為我遭遇患難,祢必暗暗地保守我,在祢亭子裡,把我藏在祢帳幕的隱密處,將我高舉在磐石上。
6 現在我得以昂首,高過四面的仇敵。我要在祢的帳幕裡歡然獻祭,我要唱詩,歌頌耶和華。
7 耶和華啊,我用聲音呼籲的時候,求祢垂聽,並求祢憐恤我,應允我。
8 祢說:「祢們當尋求我的面。」那時我心向祢說:「耶和華啊,祢的面我正要尋求。」
9 不要向我掩面,不要發怒趕逐僕人,祢向來是幫助我的。救我的神啊,不要丟掉我,也不要離棄我!
10 我父母離棄我,耶和華必收留我。…….

在猶太人的以祿月(西曆8-9月)裡,也就是迎接新年和贖罪日的前一個月裡,猶太人每天早晨(除了每週的安息日以外)都要吹羊角,背誦這首詩篇。吹羊角是為了喚醒人們的靈魂,背誦詩篇是為了提醒眾人要仰望神。這樣的作法一直要做到新年的來臨。今年的猶太新年是西曆九月29日開始,也就是說再過兩三天就是以祿月的開始,猶太人要開始每天背誦這詩篇了。

詩篇第廿六篇

大衛的詩。

1 耶和華啊,求祢為我申冤,因我向來行事純全,我又倚靠耶和華並不搖動。
2 耶和華啊,求祢察看我,試驗我,熬煉我的肺腑心腸。
3 因為祢的慈愛常在我眼前,我也按祢的真理而行。
4 我沒有和虛謊人同坐,也不與瞞哄人的同群。
5 我恨惡惡人的會,必不與惡人同坐。
6 耶和華啊,我要洗手表明無辜,才環繞祢的祭壇,
7 我好發稱謝的聲音,也要述說祢一切奇妙的作為。
8 耶和華啊,我喜愛祢所住的殿和祢顯榮耀的居所。
9 不要把我的靈魂和罪人一同除掉,不要把我的性命和流人血的一同除掉,
10 他們的手中有奸惡,右手滿有賄賂。……….

這詩篇很像是一個利未人在詩班讚美神時對神的傾訴,說到他對神不動搖的信靠,他不喜歡與惡人同行或同坐,他喜愛神的殿,並且在眾會中稱頌神。

大衛寫這詩篇不是在自誇自己的清潔無辜,乃是在神面前不斷地自省,求神察看,求神試驗,因為他怕自己做得不夠好,害怕有得罪神的地方。他誠然很努力地保守自己,但是在神面前,有誰能稱自己是義人?因此即使他在日常生活裡保守自己,在事奉前依然要先洗手,才敢環繞神的聖壇。

大衛在這詩篇提醒我們,自守是應該的,自潔是必須的,到神面前省察也是理所當然,讓我們可以手潔心清地親近神。那時我們才能明白神所住的殿何等神聖,神的榮耀何等可畏,而更加感謝神,更不能住口地傳揚神奇妙的作為。