Nicodemus was a Pharisee. Pharisees measured spirituality by outer appearance, rules and standards. Legalism versus grace. The legalist looks at salvation as a wage earned on deeds done. Grace sees salvation as a gift based on Christ’s death.
Jesus told Nicodemus, “God loved the world so much that he gave his one and only Son so that whoever believes in him may not be lost, but have eternal life.” Nicodemus had never heard such words, but they bore fruit. We see him again in John 19:39-42, and this time he appears in the light of day. He and Joseph of Arimathea claimed the body of Jesus and placed it in the tomb. The one who had received the seed of grace now plants the greatest seed of all—Jesus, the seed of eternal life.