Luke 20:41-44 (NIV)
41 Then Jesus said to them, “How is it that they say the Christ is the Son of David?
42 David himself declares in the Book of Psalms: “‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand
43 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”‘
44 David calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”
On verses 41-44: After being asked different questions by the chief priests, teachers of the law and the Sadducees, Jesus asks a question of his own. He first points out what seems like a contradiction in the Old Testament Scriptures. On one hand, the Scriptures teach that the Messiah is “the Son of David” (v41), that is, a descendant of David. On the other hand, in one of David’s most famous written prayers (Psalm 110:1, which Jesus quotes in verse 42-43), David calls the Messiah his “Lord” (v42). It would be strange for an older person to call one of their distant descendants (i.e. their great-great-great-great-great-great… grand child) “Lord”. So why does David call his own distant descendant, the Messiah, “Lord”? That is Jesus’ question.
In asking this question, Jesus is pointing out the mysterious nature of the Messiah. Jesus is teaching that the Messiah is not just a human descendant of David, but he is also someone who somehow existed before David and is greater than David. In other words, the Old Testament teaches that when the Messiah appears, the Messiah will be both a human descendant of David as well as the divine son of God, all at once. And that is what Jesus is. Jesus is both God and man, both divine and human. Jesus is the Messiah that the Scriptures are pointing to.
Luke 20:45-47 (NIV)
45 While all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples,
46 “Beware of the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and love to be greeted in the marketplaces and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.
47 They devour widows’ houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. Such men will be punished most severely.”
On verses 45-47: The teachers of the law were consumed by their own status in the eyes of people as well as their greed. In Jesus’ eyes, it is detestable to use religion primarily to advance your own status or to exploit the poor.
Luke 21:1-4 (NIV)
1 As he looked up, Jesus saw the rich putting their gifts into the temple treasury.
2 He also saw a poor widow put in two very small copper coins.
3 “I tell you the truth,” he said, “this poor widow has put in more than all the others.
4 All these people gave their gifts out of their wealth; but she out of her poverty put in all she had to live on.”
On verses 1-4: After mentioning how the teachers of the law love to devour widows’ houses, Jesus sees a poor widow put in two small copper coins into the collection box at the temple.
What can we learn from this? One pastor, teaching on this passage, said something that I’ve never forgotten. He said, “This passage shows that, according to Jesus, your love for God is not measured simply by how much you give to God; it’s measured by how much you keep for yourself.” When a person gives everything they have to God, though compared to others it may be very little, that is a more valuable offering to God than if you gave a little bit from the much that you have, even if that little bit is more than the other person’s everything.
God looks not just at how much we give to Him. He also looks at how much we keep for ourselves. Since God gave us His everything, including His only Son Jesus, may we give God our everything.
Lord Jesus, Son of God and Son of David, fully God and fully man, since You gave me Your everything, may I give You my everything in return. In Jesus’ name, AMEN!