Amos 4:1 (NIV)
1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan on Mount Samaria, you women who oppress the poor and crush the needy and say to your husbands, “Bring us some drinks!”
On verses 1-3: While Israel was experiencing great economic prosperity during this time, there was a wide discrepancy between the rich and the poor in Israel. Here Amos accuses the rich, upper class women, and indirectly their husbands, of oppressing the poor and taking advantage of the needy in order to satisfy their expensive tastes. Playing off the fact that Samaria, Israel’s capital city, had a lot of lush fields and fattened cattle, Amos calls these women “cows of Bashan” (v1). This is followed by a promise from God that these upper class women would be cast out of their own city one day, like fish being taken away on hooks (v2-3).
What can we learn from this? It angers God when the rich take advantage of the poor, or when those who have more materially show no concern for those who have less. God has no issues with people having wealth, but He watches what we do with our wealth. Justice is a big theme in the book of Amos.