超自然研究的沉寂與復興

〈馬太福音〉六章13節     不叫我們遇見試探;救我們脫離兇惡(惡者)。因為國度、權柄、榮耀,全是你的,直到永遠。阿們!

二十世紀初期有一些人已經不再相信有鬼魔的存在,他們已不再相信超自然的存在。二十世紀中葉,德國斯圖加特大學(University of Stuttgart)有一位重要的神學家寫了一本關於精神病與鬼附的書,專門研究《聖經》記載被邪靈附著的事蹟。超自然的研究在當時並不是顯學。

一九一七年,美國神學家饒申布士(Walter Rauschenbusch, 1861–1918)寫一本名為《社會福音的神學基礎》(Theology for the Social Gospel)的書,書中說:「歷史上根本不存在《聖經》記載的鬼附事蹟。四卷福音書之所以講論鬼附的事,是因為福音書的作者不明白所謂的鬼附其實是精神失常者會有的表現」。

饒申布士的思想與奧地利佛洛伊德(Sigmund Freud, 1856-1939)的心理學同出一轍。佛洛伊德用很現代化的字眼重新解釋《聖經》,既不相信良心的存在,也不相信魔鬼的存在。兩人都用精神衰弱、精神失常、精神病等病理特徵詮釋耶穌時代的鬼附現象。當這些所謂的新學術出來時,許多神學家追隨時代的潮流,趕緊將神學改頭換面,深怕自己被認為是落伍的思想家。

饒申布士走了一條不需悔改的信仰道路。他不相信耶穌的死是代替性的死,不相信耶穌的寶血能洗淨人的罪,也不相信鬼魔會附在人的身上。他用心理學解釋這些現象。但諷刺的是,就在饒申布士寫那本書的時期,中國山東出現了一位名叫古約翰的人(Jonathan Goforth, 1859-1936;編按:著名加拿大長老會宣教士、奮興佈道家,先後在中國的山東、河南、河北和東北宣教長達四十八年之久,曾為中國東北教會帶來福音大復興。摘自:《華人基督教史人物辭典》)。

What An Effective Witness for Jesus Does

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is John 9:24-34.  Let’s go!

John 9:24-25 (NIV) 
24  A second time they summoned the man who had been blind. “Give glory to God,” they said. “We know this man is a sinner.”
25  He replied, “Whether he is a sinner or not, I don’t know. One thing I do know. I was blind but now I see!”

On verses 24-25:  When questioned again by the Pharisees, the “once was blind but now I see” man is not afraid to testify about what Jesus has done in his life.  He didn’t claim to have all the answers. Rather he simply boldly shared his experience about the difference Jesus made in his life.  To be an effective witness for Jesus, you don’t need to have all the answers, but you do need to be willing to share your story.

John 9:26-34 (NIV) 
26  Then they asked him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?”
27  He answered, “I have told you already and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you want to become his disciples, too?”
28  Then they hurled insults at him and said, “You are this fellow’s disciple! We are disciples of Moses!
29  We know that God spoke to Moses, but as for this fellow, we don’t even know where he comes from.”
30  The man answered, “Now that is remarkable! You don’t know where he comes from, yet he opened my eyes.
31  We know that God does not listen to sinners. He listens to the godly man who does his will.
32  Nobody has ever heard of opening the eyes of a man born blind.

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