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大喜大悲的一天

利未記10章3節    於是摩西對亞倫說:「這就是耶和華所說:『我在親近我的人中要顯為聖;在眾民面前,我要得榮耀。』」亞倫就默默不言。

那是非常喜樂的一天,萬里晴空。在西乃山剛造好不久的會幕前,摩西按著神的吩咐,揀選亞倫和他的四個兒子供祭司的職份。

在〈出埃及記〉28章裡,神己經安排一切心中有智慧的人為亞做衣服,胸牌、以弗得、外袍、雜色的內袍、冠冕、腰帶。這祭司和大祭司的衣服所用的材料是:金線和藍色、紫色、朱紅色線,並撚的細麻。再用巧匠的手工做以弗得,以弗得就是大祭司胸前的那塊布袋,它有兩條肩帶可以相連,又取兩塊紅瑪瑙,在上面刻以色列兒子的名字,六個名字在這塊寶石上,六個名字在那塊寶石上,都照他們生來的次序;

又用刻寶石的手工,彷彿刻圖書,按著以色列兒子的名字,刻這兩塊寶石,要鑲在金槽上。再把寶石安在以弗得的兩條肩帶上,為以色列人做紀念石。亞倫要在兩肩上擔他們的名字,在耶和華面前作為紀念。

然後,用金子做二槽;拿精金,用擰工彷彿擰繩子,做兩條鍊子,把這擰成的鍊子搭在二槽上;再做一個決斷的四方型胸牌,分兩層。在上面鑲寶石四行:第一行是紅寶石、紅璧璽、紅玉;第二行是綠寶石、藍寶石、金鋼石;第三行是紫瑪瑙、白瑪瑙、紫晶;第四行是水蒼玉、紅瑪瑙、碧玉。這都要鑲在金槽中。這些寶石都要按著以色列十二個兒子的名字,彷彿刻圖書,刻十二個支派的名字。

以弗得的外袍,顏色全是藍的。袍上要為頭留一領口,口的周圍織出領邊來,彷彿鎧甲的領口,免得破裂。袍子周圍底邊上要用藍色、紫色、朱紅色線做石榴。在袍子周圍的石榴中間要有金鈴鐺:一個金鈴鐺一個石榴,一個金鈴鐺一個石榴,在袍子周圍的底邊上。亞倫供職的時候要穿這袍子。他進聖所到耶和華面前,以及出來的時候,袍上的響聲必被聽見,使他不至於死亡。

還要用精金做一面牌,在上面按刻圖書之法刻著『歸耶和華為聖』。用一條藍細帶子將牌繫在冠冕的前面。這就是神為大祭司所預備的一切榮華。

The Greatest Miracle of All Time

Hi GAMErs,

Tday’s passage is Luke 24:1-12. Let’s go!

Luke 24:1-12 (NIV) 
1  On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. 
2  They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, 
3  but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. ……

Which is the greatest miracle of all? Many Christians would point to the resurrection of Jesus after his death on the cross. The crucifixion-resurrection event is, after all, the basis for our salvation. But why would we consider the death and resurrection of Jesus so great an event? After all, others have died and risen again. Lazarus, Jairus’ daughter, Eutychus. Why is the resurrection of Jesus a greater event than the raising of Lazarus from the dead?

Make no mistake, Jesus’ resurrection is a greater event than the raising of Lazarus. Lazarus eventually died again, but Jesus rose to eternal life and glory. When Lazarus rose, a great deal changed for him, but little changed for the world. But when Jesus rose, everything changed.

What was so different about Jesus’ resurrection? The key lies in who died and rose. In the case of Lazarus, a human died and rose again to continue a mortal life. But in the case of Jesus, someone much more than a human died and rose again. Jesus was human, but not just a human. He was both God and human — God in the flesh, God incarnate, both divine and human.

五祭

利未記6章9-13節  你要吩咐亞倫和他的子孫說,燔祭的條例乃是這樣:燔祭要放在壇的柴上,從晚上到天亮,壇上的火要常常燒著。祭司要穿上細麻布衣服,又要把細麻布褲子穿在身上,把壇上所燒的燔祭灰收起來,倒在壇的旁邊。隨後要脫去這衣服,穿上別的衣服,把灰拿到營外潔淨之處。 壇上的火要在其上常常燒著,不可熄滅,祭司要每日早晨在上面燒柴,並要把燔祭擺在壇上,在其上燒平安祭牲的脂油。在壇上必有常常燒著的火,不可熄滅。

當神住在人的中間,卻因為人的罪,成為了人與神之間的隔閡,有如萬丈高牆,難以攀越。因此神設立了五祭,使以色列可以藉著這五祭來親近祂。一般在人所創立的宗教裡,都盡量給人不食煙火的感覺,好讓人幻想在天界是何等地清靜無瑕。但是耶和華神卻有不一樣的想法,因為祂知道真正的天堂是怎樣的,祂更知道誰才能去那裡。所以在耶和華的殿裡,祭是最原始的敬拜。

神設立了五祭,雖然我們不是猶太人,不必獻祭;即使是猶太人,現在也沒了獻祭的地方。但是理解這五祭,可以幫助我們要怎樣敬拜神,親近神。現在我們要用複習的方法來看這五祭,答案都在《聖經》〈利未記〉1-7章裡。這些有的是多選題,有超過一個的答案。

1.(        ) 神設立了那些祭是血祭 : (a.贖罪祭b.燔祭c.平安祭d.素祭e.贖愆祭f.以上皆是g.以上皆非)

2.(        ) 人的供物若以牛為燔祭,就要在(a.約櫃前b. 會幕門口c. 祭壇上)獻一隻沒有殘疾的公牛。

3.(        ) 哪一種祭要把整隻祭牲全部燒在祭壇上?(a.贖罪祭b.燔祭c.平安祭d.素祭e.贖愆祭f.以上皆是g.以上皆非)

When the Curtain Tore (Plus, Jesus’ Last Words)

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is Luke 23:44-56. Let’s go!

Luke 23:44-45 (NIV) 
44  It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour,
45  for the sun stopped shining…

On verses 44-45: It is only fitting that when Jesus, the light of the world, was fading, the sun also stopped shining and darkness came over the entire land.

Luke 23:45b (NIV) 
45  …And the curtain of the temple was torn in two.

On verse 45b: In the temple in Jerusalem, there was a curtain that separated the most holy part of the temple, called the Most Holy Place, from the rest of the temple. The Most Holy Place was regarded as the place where God’s presence resided. Only the high priest could enter that Most Holy Place and no more frequently than once a year. Yet when Jesus died, the curtain separating the Most Holy Place from the rest of the temple was torn in two. This signified that because of Jesus’ death we now have full access to God’s most holy presence.

神在呼叫

利未記一章1-3節     耶和華從會幕中呼叫摩西,對他說:你曉諭以色列人說:你們中間若有人獻供物給耶和華,要從牛群羊群中獻牲畜為供物。他的供物若以牛為燔祭,就要在會幕門口獻一隻沒有殘疾的公牛,可以在耶和華面前蒙悅納。

從〈創世記〉一開始,神創造這個世界,賜給人生命氣息,然後人犯罪,獻祭就開始了。亞當和夏娃吃了善惡果樹的果子之後,就看見自己赤身裸體,並感到羞恥,便拿無花果樹的葉子,為自己編做裙子。神知道以後,為亞當和他妻子用皮子做衣服給他們穿。哪裡來的皮子呢?當然是動物的皮了,這便是獻祭的開始,神為他們的罪殺了動物,動物的血遮蓋他們的罪,也遮蓋他們的祼體。因為罪的工價就是死。

在亞當的家裡,孩子們都懂得獻祭,該隱獻素祭,亞伯獻燔祭。為什麼他們都知道要獻祭呢?因為罪使人與神隔絕,當他們想親近神時,就要先獻祭除罪,才能親近神。

〈創世記〉結束時,以約瑟的死為結束。一開始是生命的賜予,結束時,神收回生命。人不再享有永生。在〈出埃及記〉的開始,也是一個生命的誕生,原是該死的,卻在神的恩典中活了下來。正代表以色列人這個民族,原是該滅亡的,卻因著神的大能,起死回生,脫離奴隸生涯,成為神揀選的子民,建立起自己的國度。更美的是,在〈出埃及記〉的結束是神用雲彩每天的帶領,使以色列人成為一支充滿希望的隊伍。〈出埃及記〉,是一本從絕望到充滿希望的過程。

〈利未記〉的第一章第1節,「耶和華從會幕中呼叫摩西」,會幕己經造好了,神住在以色列人中間,摩西不用再上山下山了。神只要呼叫,摩西即刻就到。這就是〈利未記〉的書名(ויקרא),希伯來文的意思就是「祂呼叫」。當然,神不只是呼叫摩西,祂呼叫以色列百姓到祂面前來親近祂。神的家立好了,沒有人來的話,有什麼意思呢?神的會幕在人間就是為要住在人中間,百姓若不來就失去了會幕的功用。

What Kept Jesus on the Cross

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is Luke 23:27-43. Let’s go!

Luke 23:27-31 (NIV) 
27  A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. 
28  Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. 
29  For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ 
30  Then “‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!”‘ 
31  For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

On verses 27-31: I am amazed by the compassion of Jesus. Even as Jesus is going through the most painful humiliation and torture that anyone would ever have to go through, Jesus still goes out of his way to speak his heart for the women of Jerusalem and their children. You can tell what is truly in a person’s heart when they are under pressure. In Jesus’ case, when under the most pressure anyone would ever face, Jesus looked past his own immediate suffering and focused on the suffering that others were slated to face years later. I believe Jesus did this not because he was in denial about his own suffering or because he was trying to look spiritual in front of others, but simply because Jesus is love and compassion personified. 

登山寶訓:「論禱告」

為何先論「施捨」,後論「禱告」? 

     《馬太福音》第六章一開頭將「施捨」與「禱告」連在一起談。這兩件事看似無關,實際上,這兩件事有一個很重要的關聯,就是:在恩典的事情上,我們先領受了上帝的恩典,然後再把恩典施予別人,所以這兩件事其實是一件事。上帝是恩典的源頭。當我們蒙恩的時候,我們是被動的;當我們施恩的時候,我們是主動的。耶穌把基督徒怎樣蒙恩、基督徒怎樣施恩這兩件事連起來,上帝怎樣把恩典賜給我們,我們要學習怎樣把恩典分享與人。但從一到八節,我們看見次序好像是倒過來的——人先施恩,再向上帝求恩。

  為什麼這個次序是倒過來的呢?世人施捨時常以為自己是恩典的源頭,耶穌在這裡就是要糾正我們錯誤的態度。人永遠不是恩典的源頭,如果我們能夠幫助別人,是上帝藉著我們來幫助別人,上帝永遠是恩典的源頭,上帝永遠是主動的,但我們記不記得上帝是主動施恩的源頭呢?我們常常忘記這個次序,常以為自己是別人的施恩者,在施捨的事情上不夠敬畏上帝,好像我們自己有能力幫助世人,把自己當作救世主,奪取上帝的榮耀。這是為什麼耶穌先論「施捨」,後論「禱告」。

Don’t Let A Fear of People Enslave You

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is Luke 23:13-26. Let’s go!

Luke 23:13-15 (NIV) 
13  Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 
14  and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him. 
15  Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.

On verses 13-15: As both Pilate and Herod confirmed, Jesus had done nothing to deserve death. Jesus was innocent, and yet like a lamb led to the slaughter, Jesus was being condemned to death. 

神的帳幕在人間

出埃及記40章 17-19節     第二年正月初一日,帳幕就立起來。摩西立起帳幕,安上帶卯的座,立上板,穿上閂,立起柱子, 在帳幕以上搭罩篷,把罩篷的頂蓋蓋在其上,是照耶和華所吩咐他的。

摩西用五章經文來描述神所要建立的帳幕,從百姓的奉獻到帳幕建成,其中還包括了祭司和大祭司的制服。〈出埃及記〉35-40章,形容以色列人在出埃及後的第二年月初一日,建立了神所要的帳幕,神在以色列人中間終於有了自己的家。原來神是如此盼望和他們住在一起,神所盼望的就是成為以色列人當中的一份子。你能夠想像,神也希望成為你家的一份子嗎?神盼望成為我們生活中的一份子。耶和華不只是高高在上的神,祂更要成為我們生命中最要好的朋友。

「以馬內利」不只是一個說詞,那是神最深切的心願,神要與我們同在,與我們同行。只有當你對某人愛得刻骨銘心,你才會渴望朝朝暮暮和對方在一起,這就是神對我們的愛。有個父親寫信給他的女兒,他說:「女兒,你要記住,天下不會再有男人像我那樣愛你。我是天下第一個最愛你的男人,也是最後一個。」當然,他的意思不是要女兒一輩子和他在一起,而是提醒她,不管發生何事,父親永遠等著要幫助她,成為她的力量。父神也是如此,期望我們永遠明白祂愛我們,祂對我們的愛永遠不會改變。

神的帳幕在人間,摩西記下了神吩咐的每個細節,邀請凡是自覺心裡有智慧的,心裡受感和甘心樂意的人一起來建造神的帳幕。這三個條件都很重要,因為神給每個人不同的智慧,有的人會紡紗織布,有的人會砍樹造型,有的人有手藝做盤子或雕塑,有的人會調香料,神需要不同的人合作,才能製造一個完美的家。也不要外行管內行,越管越淒涼。

其次是要心有所感,心裡有感動,明白是出於神的呼召,做事才會有使命感。同樣一件事,有使命感的人一定會做到最好才罷休,沒有使命感的人可能會覺得,只要做得差不多就可以了。第三,要甘心樂意,不管是奉獻或事奉,神都希望我們不是被強迫的。做得不高興就寧可別做了,免得影響其他人的情緒。

When to Keep Silent vs. When to Speak Up

Hi GAMErs,

Today’s passage is Luke 23:1-12. Let’s go!

Luke 23:1-7 (NIV) 
1  Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate. 
2  And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Christ, a king.” 
3  So Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “Yes, it is as you say,” Jesus replied. 
4  Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.” 
5  But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here.” 
6  On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. 
7  When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 

On verses 1-7: Being under Roman rule, the chief priests and teachers of the law did not have the authority to order capital punishment. So they go to someone with that authority, namely, Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea. The chief priests and teachers of the law try to convince Pilate that Jesus is deserving of death. Despite the assembly falsely accusing Jesus of subverting the Jewish nation and opposing payment of taxes (v2), and despite Jesus acknowledging that he is the king of the Jews (v3), Pilate finds no basis for a charge against Jesus (v4).